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Ring, Pin, Plug, Disc Measurement - Calibration
Ring, Pin, Plug, Disc Measurement - Calibration

Ring, Pin, Plug, Disc Measurement - Calibration


Plain cylindrical gages include ring, plug and pin gages, plus discs. All tolerances are in accordance with the Gage Maker’s Tolerance chart (below). In general plug, disc and ring gages are typically used in go/no go applications to measure the state of a production piece, not its size. Pin gages are typically used to measure size, not state. Applicable standards are:

1. ANSI/ASME B89.1.5-1998 (R2009), Measurement of Plain External Diameters for Use as Master Discs or Cylindrical Plug Gages
2. ANSI/ASME B89.1.6- 2002 (R2012), Measurement of Qualified Plain Internal Diameters for Use as Master Rings and Ring Gages

The ANSI/ASME standards do not dictate a contact force requirement when measuring pins, plugs and discs. For contact-based measuring instruments, Pratt & Whitney recommends that the contact force is the lowest force possible for which repeatable readings are assured. Other items to take into consideration:


1. Use a soak plate
2. Keep gages and masters close together
3. Allow enough “soak time” for gages to acclimate (2-24 hours, depending on gage size)
4. Measure gages quickly
5. Sandwich readings (master, gage1, gage2 . . . , master)
6. Use gloves or tongs to handle gages
7. Shield instrument from any noticeable drafts and/or vents
8. Master using the same material as the measured gages 

Typical measurements for rings, plugs and discs are taken at three heights on one axis and repeated again on a second axis perpendicular to the first for a total of six measurements. These measurements are taken at distances 1/16 inch (0.063 inch) from the bottom and the top surface plus one at midpoint. Axes are usually called 0-degree and 90-degree whereas positions are named position 1 (bottom), position 2 (mid-height) and position 3 (top). Rings smaller than 0.150-inch typically require only two readings per axis in the center height region. Occasionally different positional terminology is used but a good certificate of calibration should make clear—usually with a diagram—its meaning.

Gagemaker's Tolerance Chart

(English, Total tolerance)

Size Range (Inches)

Tolerance by Class (micro-inches)

<

XXX

XX 

X

Y

Z

ZZ

0.010

0.825

10

20

40

70

100

200

0.825

1.510

15

30

60

90

120

240

1.510

2.510

20

40

80

120

160

320

2.510

4.510

25

50

100

150

200

400

4.510

6.510

33

65

130

190

250

500

6.510

9.010

40

80

160

240

320

640

9.010

12.010

50

100

200

300

400

800

12.010

15.010

75

150

300

450

600

1,200

15.010

18.010

100

200

400

600

800

1,600

18.010

21.010

125

250

500

750

1,000

2,000

 

Pratt & Whitney offers a number of machines suitable for calibrating plugs, pins and discs:
1. Labmaster Universal (Model 175, 1000M, 1000A)
2. Laser Measuring Machine
3. Labmicrometer (Model 900, 1600)
4. Digital Measuring Machine
5. Universal Supermicrometer (Model 501, 504)
6. External Supermicrometer (Model B, C, PC) 

ISO 17025 Accredited